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Dyslexia
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What Is Dyslexia?

Here you will learn what Dyslexia is.  'Dys' means 'difficulty' and 'lexia 'means 'words'. Dyslexia is a disorder that affects millions of people all over the world. It is one type of specific learning disability that affects a person's ability to read. (www.jwor.com/dyslexiagoog.htm)

 

Dyslexia is an impairment in your brain's ability to translate written images received from your eyes into meaningful language. http://www.cnn.com/HEALTH/library/DS/00224.html

 

The best resource is a local child psychologist. They have specific tests for dyslexia. Check your Yellow Pages. http://www.jwor.com/dyslexiagoog.htm

 

There was only one definition for dyslexia before the 1980’s.  This definition stated “If a child's difficulty with reading could not be explained by low intelligence, poor eye sight, poor hearing, inadequate educational opportunities, or any other problem, then the child must be dyslexic.” Because of the unsatisfied parents, teachers, and researchers, there are now three different definitions. Theres a simple definition, a revised definition from the International Dyslexia Association and a Research definition used by the National Institutes of Health. (www.dys-add.com/define.html)

SIMPLE DEFINITION:

Dyslexia is an inherited condition that makes it extremely difficult to read, write, and spell in your native language—despite at least average intelligence. (www.dys-add.com/define.html)

REVISED DEFINITION FROM THE INTERNATIONAL DYSLEXIA ASSOCIATION:

Dyslexia is a neurologically-based, often familial, disorder which interferes with the acquisition and processing of language. Varying in degrees of severity, it is manifested by difficulties in receptive and expressive language, including phonological processing, in reading, writing, spelling, handwriting, and sometimes in arithmetic.  Dyslexia is not the result of lack of motivation, sensory impairment, inadequate instructional or environmental opportunities, or other limiting conditions, but may occur together with these conditions.  Although dyslexia is lifelong, individuals with dyslexia frequently respond successfully to timely and appropriate intervention.  (www.dys-add.com/define.html)

RESEARCH DEFINITION USED BY THE NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH:

Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that is neurological in origin. It is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition, and by poor spelling and decoding abilities.  These difficulties typically result from a deficit in the phonological component of language that is often unexpected in relation to other cognitive abilities and the provision of effective classroom instruction.  Secondary consequences may include problems in reading comprehension and reduced reading experience that can impede growth of vocabulary and background knowledge. (www.dys-add.com/define.html)

Done by a college student at California Baptist University